Core project 10: Ecological Synthesis


Scientific investors:


Prof. Dr. Markus Fischer

Prof. Dr. Eric Allan

Dr. Santiago Soliveres

Dr. Caterina Penone

Dr. María R. Felipe Lucia

Dr. Malte Jochum

Abiel Rindisbacher

(Uni Bern)

Dr. Peter Manning

Dr. Fons van der Plas

Dr. Florian D. Schneider

(Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung, Frankfurt)

 

Invited researchers:

Dr. Yoann Le Bagousse-Pinguet, King Juan Carlos University, Madrid

Dr. Oscar Godoy, CSIC, Seville

Dr. Nicolas Gross, CNRS, Paris

Dr. Tamara Münkemüller, LECA Grenoble

Prof. Dr. Werner Ulrich, University of Toruń

Truly general understanding of ecological systems requires a broad perspective and thus the synthesis of knowledge across taxa, ecological processes, as well as spatial and temporal scales. The Biodiversity Exploratories was set up to coordinate research efforts so that multiple data are collected in a common study design and the data therefore can be directly linked and compared. The aim of the synthesis core project is to ensure that these ecological syntheses are realized.

 

Goals

In the next phase we will conduct a series of comprehensive ecological syntheses that address the central questions of the Biodiversity Exploratories according to the following goals:

1. to address the question of how land use intensification affects biodiversity and species interactions by understanding the effect of land use on the the assembly of multitrophic communities.

2. to deal with the question of how biodiversity and land-use intensity affect ecosystem functioning and services by developping a more integrated understanding of multitrophic biodiversity-functioning relationships and by considering the role of biodiversity in promoting resilience.

3. to catalyse synthesis efforts of others by spreading the concepts and statistical methods for synthesis across the entire Biodiversity Exploratories. The synthesis project will create synergies and true added value across projects, in accordance with the main guiding questions of the Biodiversity Exploratories.

 

Selected publications

Allan E. et al. 2014. Interannual variation in land-use intensity enhances grassland multidiversity. PNAS, 111:308–313.  www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1312213111  

Allan E. et al. 2015. Land use intensification alters ecosystem multifunctionality via loss of biodiversity and changes to functional composition. Ecol Lett 18:834–843. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12469/abstract

Manning P. et al. 2015. Grassland management intensification weakens the association between of the biodiversity of multiple plant and animal taxa. Ecology 96 1492-1501. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1890/14-1307.1/abstract

Soliveres, S. et al. 2015. Intransitive competition is widespread in plant communities and maintains their species richness. Ecol Lett 18:790–798. onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12456/abstract

Soliveres S. et al.  2016. Locally rare species influence grassland ecosystem multifunctionality. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. B 371: 20150269. dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2015.0269

Soliveres S. et al. 2016. Biodiversity at multiple trophic levels is needed for ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature 536, 456–459. www.nature.com/nature/journal/v536/n7617/full/nature19092.html

 

Project in previous phases