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Biodiversity-Ecosystem Function (BEF) research has typically focused on local scale relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem function in experimental communities. However, the role of spatial dynamics of biodiversity within ‘real world’ landscapes is rarely considered for most ecosystem functions.


This project will test the hypothesis that the ecosystem functioning of a grassland plot is higher for any given level of land use intensity when it is embedded within a biodiverse landscape. This is due to two mechanisms a) faster recovery of plot biodiversity following disturbances (e.g. mowing) as a result of greater recolonization and b) the spillover of motile ecosystem service providers (e.g. from pollinators) from more diverse surrounding areas. These hypotheses will be tested by synthesizing existing data with new data gathered from biodiversity survey of the areas surrounding the grassland experimental plots of the Biodiversity Exploratories.


The effect of other landscape features (e.g. landscape connectivity and surrounding land use intensity and functional composition) will also be investigated. The models obtained from testing these hypotheses will then be used to upscale biodiversity-ecosystem function relationships to the landscape scale, using a combination of geographic information systems and statistical simulations. This will allow us to estimate the impact of changes to the spatial configuration of diversity and land use intensity within the landscape. In turn, this will allow us to identify new management strategies that promote landscape multifunctionality, and to predict the landscape level impacts of future management change, e.g. further intensification or the restoration of biodiversity.


Doc
Le Provost G., Thiele J., Westphal C., Penone C., Allan E., Neyret M., van der Plas F., Ayasse M., Bardgett R., Birkhofer K., Boch S., Bonkowski M., Buscot F., Feldhaar H., Gaulton R., Goldmann K., Gossner M. M., Klaus V., Kleinebecker T., Krauss J., Renner S., Scherreiks P., Sikorski J., Baulechner D., Blüthgen N., Bolliger R., Börschig C., Busch V., Chisté M., Fiore-Donno A. M., Fischer M., Arndt H., Hoelzel N., Jung K., Lange M., Marzini C., Overmann J., Paŝalić E., Perović D., Prati D., Schäfer D., Schöning I., Schrumpf M., Sonnemann I., Steffan-Dewenter I., Tschapka M., Türke M., Vogt J., Wehner K., Weiner C., Weisser W. W., Wells K., Werner M., Wolters V., Wubet T., Wurst S., Zaitsev A. S., Manning P. (2021): Contrasting responses of above- and belowground diversity to multiple components of land-use intensity. Nature Communications 12:3918. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-23931-1
More information:  doi.org
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Peter S. (2020): Integrating Key Insights of Sociological Risk Theory into the Ecosystem Services Framework. Sustainability 12, 6437. doi: 10.3390/su12166437
More information:  doi.org
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Peter S. (2019): Soziokulturelle Dynamiken vonÖkosystemleistungen – Wie viel Risiko ist sozial akzeptabel? BfN-Skripten - Treffpunkt Biologische Vielfalt 527, 197-203. doi: 10.19217/skr527
More information:  doi.org
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Multifunktionalität Ökosystemen
Manning P., van der Plas F., Soliveres S., Allan E., Maestre F. T., Mace G., Whittingham M. J., Fischer M. (2018): Redefining ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature Ecology and Evolution 2, 427-436. doi: 10.1038/s41559-017-0461-7
More information:  doi.org

Scientific assistants

Dr. Peter Manning
Project manager
Dr. Peter Manning
Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung
Dr. Gaëtane Le Provost
Employee
Dr. Gaëtane Le Provost
Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung
Sophie Peter
Employee
Sophie Peter
Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung
Dr. Fons van der Plas
Employee
Dr. Fons van der Plas
Wageningen University and Research
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