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As the core soil project, we provide important information on soil properties and functions in all 300 experimental plots of the biodiversity exploratories for the overall project. Since 2008, we have been significantly involved in the coordination and implementation of joint soil sampling of soil biological, microbiological and biogeochemical core and contributing projects and in synthesis activities. Since 2020 we additionally examine relevant soil properties and functions in the land-use experiments in forest (FOX) and grassland (REX, LUX). We use standardised, regular soil sampling to identify both short-term and long-term changes in soil properties and soil functions due to land use or global climate changes.

In forests, the input of organic matter via litterfall plays an important role in the carbon and nutrient balance of forests, and is important for the nutrition of a wide range of soil organisms. Therefore, we observe the amount of leaf, branch and fruit litter and its carbon and nutrient content in all forest plots in long-term time series.

Our project includes:

(1) The monitoring of important soil properties and functions in all 300 experimental plots.
(2) Recording of litterfall in all 150 forest areas.
(3) Analysis of the importance of individual land-use factors in newly established grassland and forest experiments (FOX, REX, LUX) for soil properties and functions.


The following are some of the key questions we are working on:

  • How does management intensification in forests and grasslands affect biogeochemical processes in the soil and how are they modulated by interactions between plants, microorganisms and abiotic soil properties?
  • What are the consequences of grassland management intensification and gap formation in forests for belowground processes and the storage of carbon and nutrients in soils?
  • How does forest management affect litter production, its components and nutrient contents, and how are they modified by abiotic soil properties and extreme events like summer droughts?

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Untersuchung lokaler Variationen von Kohlenstoffvorräten zur Beurteilung des potentiellen Einflusses von ausgelegtem Totholz
Baldeweg H. (2010): Untersuchung lokaler Variationen von Kohlenstoffvorräten zur Beurteilung des potentiellen Einflusses von ausgelegtem Totholz. Thesis, University Jena
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Einfluss von Landnutzung und Standorteigen-schaften auf den oberirdischen Streueintrag
Berg J. (2016): Einfluss von Landnutzung und Standorteigen-schaften auf den oberirdischen Streueintrag. Bachelor thesis, University Jena
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Gan H. Y. (2019): The Effects of Land Use and Management on Belowground Carbon and Nutrient Interactions. Dissertation, University Jena.
More information:  doi.org
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Gan H. Y., Schöning I., Schall P., Ammer C., Schrumpf M. (2020): Soil organic matter mineralization as driven by nutrient stoichiometry in soils under differently managed forest stands. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 3:99. doi: 10.3389/ffgc.2020.00099
More information:  doi.org
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Variability of soil organic carbon stocks in managed forests on the national and regional scale
Grüneberg E. (2014): Variability of soil organic carbon stocks in managed forests on the national and regional scale. Dissertation, University Freiburg
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Die Mächtigkeit der organischen Auflage und der Tongehalt bestimmen die Menge des in unterschiedlich bewirtschafteten Buchenwäldern gespeicherten Bodenkohlenstoffs
Grüneberg E., Schöning I. , Hessenmöller D., Schulze E.-D., Weisser W. W. (2013): Organic layer and clay content control organic carbon stocks in density fractions of differently managed German beech forests. Forest Ecology and Management 303, 1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.03.014
More information:  doi.org
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Regionale Variabilität der organischen Kohlenstoffvorräte: Ein Vergleich zwischen Tiefenstufen und Bodenhorizonten
Grüneberg E., Schöning I., Kalko E.K.V., Weisser W. W. (2010): Regional organic carbon stock variability: A comparison between depth increments and soil horizons. Geoderma 155 (3-4), 426-433. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.01.002
More information:  doi.org
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Herold N. (2013): Land management and soil property effects on soil microbial communities and carbon storage in temperate forest and grassland systems. Dissertation, University Jena
More information:  www.db-thueringen.de
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Enzymaktivitäten in Waldböden werden vorwiegend durch Bodeneigenschaften bestimmt
Herold N., Schöning I., Berner D., Haslwimmer H., Kandeler E., Michalzik B., Schrumpf M. (2014): Vertical gradients of potential enzyme activities in soil profiles of European beech, Norway spruce and Scots pine dominated forest sites. Pedobiologia 57 (3), 181–189. doi: 10.1016/j.pedobi.2014.03.003
More information:  doi.org
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Einfluss von Standorteigenschaften und Grünlandbewirtschaftung auf mikrobielle Gemeinschaften in Böden
Herold N., Schöning I., Gutknecht J., Alt F., Boch S., Müller J., Oelmann Y., Socher S. A., Wilke W., Wubet T., Schrumpf M. (2014): Soil property and management effects on grassland microbial communities across a latitudinal gradient in Germany. Applied Soil Ecology 73, 41-50. doi: 10.1016/j.apsoil.2013.07.009
More information:  doi.org
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Kohlenstoffspeicherung und Verweilzeiten von Kohlenstoff in Wald- und Grünlandböden
Herold N., Schöning I., Michalzik B., Trumbore S. E., Schrumpf M. (2014): Controls on soil carbon storage and turnover in German landscapes. Biogeochemistry 119 (1-3), 435-451. doi: 10.1007/s10533-014-9978-x
More information:  doi.org
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Carbon-nitrogen-interaction in the rhizosphere after addition of glukose and ammoniumnitrate
Kohlenstoff-Stickstoff-Interaktion in der Rhizosphäre nach Zugabe von Glukose und Ammoniumnitrat
Knolle F. (2017): Kohlenstoff-Stickstoff-Interaktion in der Rhizosphäre nach Zugabe von Glukose und Ammoniumnitrat. Bachelor Thesis thesis, Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry Jena
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Bodenkohlenstoffvorräte in verschiedenen Waldbewirtschaftungsintensitäten im Hainich
Mehler K. (2008): Bodenkohlenstoffvorräte in verschiedenen Waldbewirtschaftungsintensitäten im Hainich. Thesis, Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry Jena
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Die Bedeutung der Gesteindichte für die Berechnung von Boden-Lagerungsdichten und Boden-Kohlenstoffvorräten
Mehler K., Schöning I., Berli M. (2014): The importance of rock fragment density for the calculation of soil bulk density and soil organic carbon stock. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78 (4), 1186-1191. doi: 10.2136/sssaj2013.11.0480
More information:  doi.org
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Priming effect induced by different root exudate components in temperate forest soils
Protti Sánchez F. (2020): Priming effect induced by different root exudate components in temperate forest soils. Master thesis, University of Bayreuth
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Characterizing microbial activity in coniferous and deciduous forest soils
Schäfer F. (2013): Characterizing microbial activity in coniferous and deciduous forest soils. Bachelor thesis, University Jena
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Verweilzeit von Kohlenstoff in Böden unterschiedlich bewirtschafteter Buchenwälder
Schöning I., Grüneberg E., Sierra C.A., Hessenmöller D., Schrumpf M., Weisser W.W., Schulze E.-D.(2013): Causes of variation in mineral soil C content and turnover in differently managed beech dominated forests. Plant and Soil 370 (1-2), 625-639. doi: 10.1007/s11104-013-1654-8
More information:  doi.org
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Solly E. (2014): The role of fine root litter for organic matter storage in soils. University Jena, Dissertation
More information:  www.clib-jena.mpg.de
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Solly E., Brunner I., Helmisaari H.-S., Herzog C., Leppälammi-Kujansuu J., Schöning I., Schrumpf M., Schweingruber F., Trumbore S., Hagedorn F. (2018): Unravelling the age of fine roots of temperate and boreal forests. Nature Communications 9:3006. doi: 10.1038/S41467-018-05460-6
More information:  doi.org
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Der Abbau von Feinwurzeln im Boden
Solly E., Schöning I., Boch S., Kandeler E., Marhan S., Michalzik B. Müller J., Zscheischler J., Trumbore S. E., Schrumpf M. (2014): Factors controlling decomposition rates of fine root litter in temperate forests and grasslands. Plant and Soil 382 (1-2), 203-218. doi: 10.1007/s11104-014-2151-4.
More information:  doi.org
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Mittleres Kohlenstoffalter in Feinwurzeln von gemäßigten Wäldern und Grünländern mit unterschiedlicher Bewirtschaftung
Solly E., Schöning I., Boch S., Müller J., Socher S. A., Trumbore S. E., Schrumpf M. (2013): Mean age of carbon in fine roots from temperate forests and grasslands with different management. Biogeosciences 10, 4833-4843. doi: 10.5194/bg-10-4833-2013
More information:  doi.org
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Abbau von Wurzelstreu im Boden hängt in Buchenwäldern nicht von der Bodentiefe ab
Solly E., Schöning I., Herold N., Trumbore S., Schrumpf M. (2015): No depth-dependence of fine root litter decomposition in temperate beech forest soils. Plant and Soil 393 (1), 273-282. doi: 10.1007/s11104-015-2492-7
More information:  doi.org
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Fine root productivity and C dynamics in temperate grasslands and forests with different land uses
Stolze K. (2013): Fine root productivity and C dynamics in temperate grasslands and forests with different land uses. Bachelor thesis, University Jena
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Vergleich der Kohlenstoffvorräte der organischen Auflage und des Oberbodens von Buchen- und Edellaubholzwäldern im Naturraum Hainich-Dün-Hainleite
Türk M.-L. (2009): Vergleich der Kohlenstoffvorräte der organischen Auflage und des Oberbodens von Buchen- und Edellaubholzwäldern im Naturraum Hainich-Dün-Hainleite. Thesis, University Jena
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Die weltweit verbreiteten Bodenbakterien der Gruppe Candidatus Udaeobacter profitieren von der Freisetzung von Antibiotika
Willms I. M., Rudolph A. Y., Göschel I., Bolz S. H., Schneider D., Penone C., Poehlein A., Schöning I., Nacke H. (2020): Globally Abundant “Candidatus Udaeobacter” Benefits from Release of Antibiotics in Soil and Potentially Performs Trace Gas Scavenging. mSphere 5: e00186-20. doi: 10.1128/mSphere.00186-20
More information:  doi.org
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Verbreitung von medizinisch relevanten Antibiotikaresistenzgenen und mobilen genetischen Elementen in Wald- und Grünlandböden
Willms I. M., Yuan J., Penone C., Goldmann K., Vogt J., Wubet T., Schöning I., Schrumpf M., Buscot F., Nacke H. (2020): Distribution of Medically Relevant Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Mobile Genetic Elements in Soils of Temperate Forests and Grasslands Varying in Land Use. Genes 11 (2), 150. doi: 10.3390/genes11020150
More information:  doi.org
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Einflüsse unterschiedlicher Bewirtschaftung auf Kohlenstoffkonzentrationen und Kohlenstoffvorräte in Waldböden der Biodiversitäts-Exploratorien Schorfheide-Chorin, Hainich-Dün und Schwäbische Alb
Zilensek F. L. (2016): Einflüsse unterschiedlicher Bewirtschaftung auf Kohlenstoffkonzentrationen und Kohlenstoffvorräte in Waldböden der Biodiversitäts-Exploratorien Schorfheide-Chorin, Hainich-Dün und Schwäbische Alb. Bachelor thesis, University Jena

The so-called core projects of the BE emerged from the site selection project and the establishment of the exploratories (2006-2008). Since 2008, they have been providing the infrastructure and collecting important basic information on land use, diversity and ecosystem processes (long-term monitoring) for all projects. In addition, they coordinate project-wide activities such as various large-scale experiments.

Project in other funding periods

Soil (Core project)
#Soil biology & Element Cycling  #2017 – 2020  #2014 – 2017  #2011 – 2014  #2008 – 2011  #2006 – 2008  

Scientific assistants

Dr. Marion Schrumpf
Project manager
Dr. Marion Schrumpf
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Prof. Dr. Susan Trumbore
Project manager
Prof. Dr. Susan Trumbore
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Dr. Ingo Schöning
Employee
Dr. Ingo Schöning
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Rachael Akinyede
Employee
Rachael Akinyede
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Jeff Beem-Miller
Employee
Jeff Beem-Miller
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Steffen Ferber
Employee
Steffen Ferber
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Theresa Klötzing
Employee
Theresa Klötzing
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Huei Ying Gan
Employee
Huei Ying Gan
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