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As the core project soil, we provide important information on soil properties and functions from all 300 experimental plots of the biodiversity exploratories for the overall project. We are significantly involved in the coordination and implementation of joint soil sampling of core and sub-projects working in soil biology, microbiology and soil science and in synthesis activities.

Our project includes:

(1) The monitoring of relevant soil properties such as enzyme activities in the biodiversity exploratories.
(2) The monitoring of litterfall on the forest plots
(3) The determination of nutrient removal from the soil (N, P, S, K, Mg, Ca) (in situ)
(4) The measurement of autotrophic and heterotrophic soil respiration and its seasonal variability (in situ)
(5) To study the formation and turnover of mineral-associated soil organic matter with mineral bags (in situ)
(6) To investigate the importance of nutrient availability (N,P) for soil organic matter mineralisation and rhizosphere priming (lab incubations).


We are guided by the hypothesis that increased management intensity reduces carbon and nutrient stocks in forest soils, while this effect is less visible in grassland soils due to fertilisation.

We address the following guiding questions:

  • How do land use and biodiversity affect the carbon and nutrient balance of soils? What feedback mechanisms occur?
  • Are short-term and long-term forest and grassland management reflected in soil properties and especially in soil carbon turnover?
  • Which microbial groups respond most strongly to the addition of readily available carbon and nutrient sources?
  • What role do land use and biodiversity play in carbon and nutrient mineralisation? How are carbon and nutrient mineralisation coupled? How do the nutrients released by mineralisation behave in the soil?

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Untersuchung lokaler Variationen von Kohlenstoffvorräten zur Beurteilung des potentiellen Einflusses von ausgelegtem Totholz
Baldeweg H. (2010): Untersuchung lokaler Variationen von Kohlenstoffvorräten zur Beurteilung des potentiellen Einflusses von ausgelegtem Totholz. Thesis, University Jena
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Einfluss von Landnutzung und Standorteigen-schaften auf den oberirdischen Streueintrag
Berg J. (2016): Einfluss von Landnutzung und Standorteigen-schaften auf den oberirdischen Streueintrag. Bachelor thesis, University Jena
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Soil fungal communities along biogeographical gradients in the German Biodiversity Exploratories:classical and high-throughput molecular techniques
Christ S. (2011): Soil fungal communities along biogeographical gradients in the German Biodiversity Exploratories: classical and high-throughput molecular techniques. Dissertation, University Leipzig
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Christ S., Wubet T., Theuerl S., Herold N., Buscot F. (2011): Fungal communities in bulk soil and stone compartments of different forest and soil types as revealed by a barcoding ITS rDNA and a functional laccase encoding gene marker. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 43, 1292-1299. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.02.022
More information:  doi.org
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Gan H. Y. (2019): The Effects of Land Use and Management on Belowground Carbon and Nutrient Interactions. Dissertation, University Jena.
More information:  doi.org
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Gan H. Y., Schöning I., Schall P., Ammer C., Schrumpf M. (2020): Soil organic matter mineralization as driven by nutrient stoichiometry in soils under differently managed forest stands. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 3:99. doi: 10.3389/ffgc.2020.00099
More information:  doi.org
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Variability of soil organic carbon stocks in managed forests on the national and regional scale
Grüneberg E. (2014): Variability of soil organic carbon stocks in managed forests on the national and regional scale. Dissertation, University Freiburg
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Die Mächtigkeit der organischen Auflage und der Tongehalt bestimmen die Menge des in unterschiedlich bewirtschafteten Buchenwäldern gespeicherten Bodenkohlenstoffs
Grüneberg E., Schöning I. , Hessenmöller D., Schulze E.-D., Weisser W. W. (2013): Organic layer and clay content control organic carbon stocks in density fractions of differently managed German beech forests. Forest Ecology and Management 303, 1-10. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.03.014
More information:  doi.org
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Regionale Variabilität der organischen Kohlenstoffvorräte: Ein Vergleich zwischen Tiefenstufen und Bodenhorizonten
Grüneberg E., Schöning I., Kalko E.K.V., Weisser W. W. (2010): Regional organic carbon stock variability: A comparison between depth increments and soil horizons. Geoderma 155 (3-4), 426-433. doi: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2010.01.002
More information:  doi.org
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Carbon-nitrogen-interaction in the rhizosphere after addition of glukose and ammoniumnitrate
Kohlenstoff-Stickstoff-Interaktion in der Rhizosphäre nach Zugabe von Glukose und Ammoniumnitrat
Knolle F. (2017): Kohlenstoff-Stickstoff-Interaktion in der Rhizosphäre nach Zugabe von Glukose und Ammoniumnitrat. Bachelor Thesis thesis, Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry Jena
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Kurth F. (2008): Molekulare Untersuchungen zur Biodiversität von Bodenpilzen in ausgewählten Wald- und Grünlandflächen. Bachelor thesis. University Bochum
More information:  www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de
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Bodenkohlenstoffvorräte in verschiedenen Waldbewirtschaftungsintensitäten im Hainich
Mehler K. (2008): Bodenkohlenstoffvorräte in verschiedenen Waldbewirtschaftungsintensitäten im Hainich. Thesis, Max-Planck-Institute for Biogeochemistry Jena
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Die Bedeutung der Gesteindichte für die Berechnung von Boden-Lagerungsdichten und Boden-Kohlenstoffvorräten
Mehler K., Schöning I., Berli M. (2014): The importance of rock fragment density for the calculation of soil bulk density and soil organic carbon stock. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78 (4), 1186-1191. doi: 10.2136/sssaj2013.11.0480
More information:  doi.org
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Priming effect induced by different root exudate components in temperate forest soils
Protti Sánchez F. (2020): Priming effect induced by different root exudate components in temperate forest soils. Master thesis, University of Bayreuth
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Characterizing microbial activity in coniferous and deciduous forest soils
Schäfer F. (2013): Characterizing microbial activity in coniferous and deciduous forest soils. Bachelor thesis, University Jena
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Verweilzeit von Kohlenstoff in Böden unterschiedlich bewirtschafteter Buchenwälder
Schöning I., Grüneberg E., Sierra C.A., Hessenmöller D., Schrumpf M., Weisser W.W., Schulze E.-D.(2013): Causes of variation in mineral soil C content and turnover in differently managed beech dominated forests. Plant and Soil 370 (1-2), 625-639. doi: 10.1007/s11104-013-1654-8
More information:  doi.org
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Solly E. (2014): The role of fine root litter for organic matter storage in soils. University Jena, Dissertation
More information:  www.clib-jena.mpg.de
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Solly E., Brunner I., Helmisaari H.-S., Herzog C., Leppälammi-Kujansuu J., Schöning I., Schrumpf M., Schweingruber F., Trumbore S., Hagedorn F. (2018): Unravelling the age of fine roots of temperate and boreal forests. Nature Communications 9:3006. doi: 10.1038/S41467-018-05460-6
More information:  doi.org
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Der Abbau von Feinwurzeln im Boden
Solly E., Schöning I., Boch S., Kandeler E., Marhan S., Michalzik B. Müller J., Zscheischler J., Trumbore S. E., Schrumpf M. (2014): Factors controlling decomposition rates of fine root litter in temperate forests and grasslands. Plant and Soil 382 (1-2), 203-218. doi: 10.1007/s11104-014-2151-4.
More information:  doi.org
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Mittleres Kohlenstoffalter in Feinwurzeln von gemäßigten Wäldern und Grünländern mit unterschiedlicher Bewirtschaftung
Solly E., Schöning I., Boch S., Müller J., Socher S. A., Trumbore S. E., Schrumpf M. (2013): Mean age of carbon in fine roots from temperate forests and grasslands with different management. Biogeosciences 10, 4833-4843. doi: 10.5194/bg-10-4833-2013
More information:  doi.org
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Abbau von Wurzelstreu im Boden hängt in Buchenwäldern nicht von der Bodentiefe ab
Solly E., Schöning I., Herold N., Trumbore S., Schrumpf M. (2015): No depth-dependence of fine root litter decomposition in temperate beech forest soils. Plant and Soil 393 (1), 273-282. doi: 10.1007/s11104-015-2492-7
More information:  doi.org
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Fine root productivity and C dynamics in temperate grasslands and forests with different land uses
Stolze K. (2013): Fine root productivity and C dynamics in temperate grasslands and forests with different land uses. Bachelor thesis, University Jena
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Vergleich der Kohlenstoffvorräte der organischen Auflage und des Oberbodens von Buchen- und Edellaubholzwäldern im Naturraum Hainich-Dün-Hainleite
Türk M.-L. (2009): Vergleich der Kohlenstoffvorräte der organischen Auflage und des Oberbodens von Buchen- und Edellaubholzwäldern im Naturraum Hainich-Dün-Hainleite. Thesis, University Jena
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Die weltweit verbreiteten Bodenbakterien der Gruppe Candidatus Udaeobacter profitieren von der Freisetzung von Antibiotika
Willms I. M., Rudolph A. Y., Göschel I., Bolz S. H., Schneider D., Penone C., Poehlein A., Schöning I., Nacke H. (2020): Globally Abundant “Candidatus Udaeobacter” Benefits from Release of Antibiotics in Soil and Potentially Performs Trace Gas Scavenging. mSphere 5: e00186-20. doi: 10.1128/mSphere.00186-20
More information:  doi.org
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Verbreitung von medizinisch relevanten Antibiotikaresistenzgenen und mobilen genetischen Elementen in Wald- und Grünlandböden
Willms I. M., Yuan J., Penone C., Goldmann K., Vogt J., Wubet T., Schöning I., Schrumpf M., Buscot F., Nacke H. (2020): Distribution of Medically Relevant Antibiotic Resistance Genes and Mobile Genetic Elements in Soils of Temperate Forests and Grasslands Varying in Land Use. Genes 11 (2), 150. doi: 10.3390/genes11020150
More information:  doi.org
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Artenhäufigkeits-Kurven und eine Abschätzung des Artenreichtums, um die Diversität von kultivierbaren Hefen aus Buchenwaldböden zu beurteilen
Yurkov A. M., Kemler M., Begerow D. (2011): Species accumulation curves and incidence-based species richness estimators to appraise the diversity of cultivable yeasts from beech forest soils. PLoS ONE 6(8): e23671. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023671
More information:  doi.org
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Erschließung der Diversität von Hefen in Böden unterschiedlicher Landnutzung
Yurkov A. M., Kemler M., Begerow D. (2012): Assessment of yeast diversity in soils under different management regimes. Fungal EcologyFungal Ecology 5 (1), 24-35. doi: 10.1016/j.funeco.2011.07.004
More information:  doi.org
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Leucosporidium drumii sp. nov., ein neues Mitglied der Microbotryomycetes, isoliert aus Boden
Yurkov A. M., Schäfer A.M., Begerow D. (2012): Leucosporidium drummii sp. nov. a new member of Microbotryomycetes isolated from soil. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 62, 728–734. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.027102-0
More information:  doi.org
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Yurkov A. M., Wehde T., Federici J., Schäfer A. M., Ebinghaus M., Lotze-Engelhard S., Mittelbach M., Prior R., Richter C., Röhl O., Begerow D. (2016): Yeast diversity and species recovery rates from beech forest soils. Mycological Progress 15 (8), 845–859. doi: 10.1007/s11557-016-1206-8
More information:  doi.org
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Yurkov A., Schäfer A. M., Begerow D. (2009): Clavispora reshetovae. Fungal Planet 35. Persoonia 23, 182-183
More information:  doi.org
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Yurkov A., Schäfer A.M., Begerow D. (2010): Barnettozyma vustinii. Fungal Planet 38. Persoonia 23, 188-189
More information:  doi.org
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Einflüsse unterschiedlicher Bewirtschaftung auf Kohlenstoffkonzentrationen und Kohlenstoffvorräte in Waldböden der Biodiversitäts-Exploratorien Schorfheide-Chorin, Hainich-Dün und Schwäbische Alb
Zilensek F. L. (2016): Einflüsse unterschiedlicher Bewirtschaftung auf Kohlenstoffkonzentrationen und Kohlenstoffvorräte in Waldböden der Biodiversitäts-Exploratorien Schorfheide-Chorin, Hainich-Dün und Schwäbische Alb. Bachelor thesis, University Jena

The so-called core projects of the BE emerged from the site selection project and the establishment of the exploratories (2006-2008). Since 2008, they have been providing the infrastructure and collecting important basic information on land use, diversity and ecosystem processes (long-term monitoring) for all projects. In addition, they coordinate project-wide activities such as various large-scale experiments.

Project in other funding periods

Soil (Core project)
#Soil biology & Element Cycling  #2020 – 2023  

Scientific assistants

Dr. Marion Schrumpf
Project manager
Dr. Marion Schrumpf
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Prof. Dr. Susan Trumbore
Project manager
Prof. Dr. Susan Trumbore
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Dr. Ingo Schöning
Employee
Dr. Ingo Schöning
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Rachael Akinyede
Employee
Rachael Akinyede
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Jeff Beem-Miller
Employee
Jeff Beem-Miller
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Katrin Eritt
Employee
Katrin Eritt
Steffen Ferber
Employee
Steffen Ferber
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Theresa Klötzing
Employee
Theresa Klötzing
Max-Planck-Institut für Biogeochemie
Huei Ying Gan
Employee
Huei Ying Gan
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